WHAT IS TEA
Tea is a caffeinated beverage brewed from the leaf of the Camellia sinensis, a flowering evergreen bush. If left to grow in the wild, these bushes can reach the height of 15 metres (50 feet), but they are usually pruned as a shrub to make it easier to harvest. These bushes can live over 1000 years.
There are five main types of tea produced from Camellia sinensis (black, green, oolong, white and pu-erh)
Other beverages, made from herbs such as such as rooibos, yerba mate, peppermint, chamomile etc… should technically be referred to as “herbal teas”, herbal infusions or tisanes.
MAIN TYPES OF TEA
BLACK TEA: The most recognizable tea in the West, black teas are oxidized and known for their bold and intense flavours.
GREEN TEA: Green teas are health bosting, and are lightly processed by steaming or roasting, resulting in a grassy, sweet, floral flavour.
WHITE TEA: Harvested by hand a few days each spring, these anti-oxidant rich baby tea leaves are the least processed and are considered to be the rarest tea type.
OOLONG TEA: These semi-oxidized teas come exclusively from Northern China and Taiwan. The oxidation process lends oolong tea its wide range of aromas and flavours.
PU-ERH TEA: Pu-erh tea undergoes the most complex processing of all the teas. In addition to being oxidized, it is fermented (and therefore contains healthy probiotics).
ROOIBOS TEA: This South African plant is not actually a true tea but does offer similar health benefits. High in anti-oxidants, calcium and zinc.
MATÉTEA: A South American plant, Yerba Mate, is what gives this antioxidant and vitamin rich tea its name. It offers a coffee-like buzz without crashing or jitters.
HERBAL TEA: Made from a huge variety of plants with an endless variety of tastes and health benefits